Retinoids Can Help In Unplugging Blocked Pores
Not only do retinoids unplug blocked pores, but they also help to reduce inflammation. These are used in the early stages of an acne attack. Blackheads and whiteheads could get treated thus. Mildly inflamed spots may benefit too. The spots however may get a little worse at the start of the treatment before showing some marked improvement. The skin may start to peel and turn red as well. The skin could become sun sensitive, therefore it is highly recommended to wear this type of preparation solely at night. A sun screen should be applied when going out into the sun while using any retinoid.
As with all other preparations it is highly recommended that the lowest strength application is used first. Apply for the fewest times and also use for a shorter duration. This is not to be used in pregnancy or women intending to get pregnant either. Contraception should be used if necessary during treatment. This is because there is a slight risk of harm to the unborn baby with this medication.
This treatment is not without side effects. Burning, irritation and dryness may be felt. Azelaic acid could cause less irritation then benzoyl peroxide. It works on clearing the blackheads and the whiteheads too. It is not as good as antibiotics at reducing inflammation though.
Antibiotic preparations are available too. These are available only under prescription. They cause relatively fewer side effects than other topical applications. They do not however unplug the blocked pores which is quite important. They therefore could be less effective in the control of the acne.
Mild acne could be treated with a single topical preparation which contains a mixture of any of the above named ingredients. Antibiotic could be combined with either benzoyl peroxide or with a retinoid.
For Moderate to severe acne however the best acne treatment together with some antibiotic tablets would be advisable.
Antibiotic tablets cannot however be used for maintenance treatment, because of the risk to the germs developing resistance to it. Azelaic acid in also only licensed for a six month treatment period. A switch over would then be required to benzoyl peroxide or to a topical retinoid method.
Maintenance treatment involves the application of the topical substance using a lower dose than normal. This should help in preventing the spots from returning back again.